Wooden Mongolian male doll that represents the culture of Mongolia. The head is a wooden sphere, and the arms are made from cylindrical wood. The body is a cone-shaped piece of finished wood. The man’s traditional clothes are made from rich brocade cloth, which is glued to the wood. This Mongolian man is wearing a triangular-shaped vest with broad shoulders made from vinyl. He has yellow ribbon as trim on his garment, and there is a gold chain on his pants. On his head, he has a hat with a point that is made from wood. His facial features are painted on the wooden head.
Location: Asia (North of China)
Main language: Khalkha Mongol
Construction: wood, leather, fur
Height in Centimeters: 20
Height in Inches: 8
Reading Level: 5.60
When I was born (800 years ago), my name was Temuchin. Later, I became known as Genghis Khan (or Chinggis Khaan). My father was chief of the Yakka Mongol tribe. He was killed by a different Mongolian tribe when I was only 10 years old. Then, I became chief. At least I was supposed to be chief. However, the men in my tribe left me. My mother and I had raise sheep and dig roots for food.
A few years later, I married to a young woman named Bortei. However, tragedy struck again. She was captured by another tribe. Two months later, I organized an army and rescued her.
After that, I formed larger armies and trained the men. We rode horses to capture other tribes. I was very strict with the men, and they were excellent warriors. Finally, we were able to combine all 30 of the Mongol tribes into one nation. At that point, I became Genghis Khan, which means Universal King.
Over the next few years, we conquered China (which is south of Mongolia) and Russia (which is north of Mongolia). Eventually, the Mongol Empire became the largest empire ever—it included China, Russia, Poland, Iran, Turkey, Korea, and many other countries.
Some say I was a brutal killer, but I did many good things for the culture of Mongolia. For example, I built bridges and roads so we could trade with other countries. I also invented a system like the pony express that was used to send messages (remember, this was long, long before telephones). And I helped to develop a language for Mongolia.
I lived to be about 60 years old. Then, I fell off of my horse and got hurt. My sons and grandsons continued to expand the empire after I died.